Annual Accomplishment Report CY 2008

Fisheries in CALABARZON Region

Regional Production

CALABARZON maintained its performance as one of the Top Producers of fish and fishery products of the country amidst the threats and problems encountered by the sector in 2008 (Fig. 1). It contributed 8% (408,628 MT) to the national production of 4,991,950 MT with estimated earnings of PHP 18.7 billion, which is 9% to the national estimated value of PHP 215.51 billion.

The positive growth of 5.55% is mainly contributed by the aquaculture sub-sector due to a 14% increase from 2007 production levels. Both commercial and municipal sub-sectors experienced a decrease of 5.55% and 1.43%, respectively.

Figure 1. Regional Fisheries Production (MT) for 2008.

Aquaculture contributed positively to the regional production despite the impending threat of fish cage/pen demolition both in Taal Lake and Laguna de Bay. One of the factors that increased the production of the sub-sector is the good performance of the seaweed industry in Quezon and Batangas provinces. This was largely due to the availability of quality seedlings and low incidence of diseases as a result of the interventions extended by DA-BFAR and LGUs in terms of seedling dispersal in the municipalities of Quezon and Batangas. Likewise, seaweed farmers were motivated to produce by the high prevailing price during the first three (3) quarters of 2008 and the sure market for the product.

Another contributing factor is the good harvest of bangus and tilapia due to high natural productivity of the lake. They also became the fishes of choice by the consumers when M/V Princess of the Stras sank that resulted to a decrease in the demand for marine fishes. Thus, fish farmers resorted to early harvest while high demand and high prices for these freshwater species presided.

For commercial fisheries, the sub-sector experienced a slight decrease of 5.55% due to the effects of increase in prices which was felt in the second and third quarters of the year. The sinking of the passenger vessel M/V Princess of the Stars at the height of Typhoon Frank on June 21, 2008 at Romblon Strait resulted to a marked decrease in marine food fish consumption adversely affecting fishing operations.

In terms of species composition, 22% of its production is roundscad (galunggong), 14% frigate tuna (tulingan), 12% indian mackerel (alumahan), 9% indian sardines (tamban), and 6% slipmouth (sapsap). These species comprise 51,850 MT or 63% of commercial marine species caught during the period.

Production of the municipal fisheries also decreased from 87,028 MT in 2007 to 82,201.8 MT in 2008. Its production was affected by the increase in oil prices and the marked decreased in the demand for marine food fish especially in the marine municipal provinces of Batangas, Cavite and Quezon. However, the inland municipal provinces of Laguna and Rizal increased by 6% and 3% respectively due to the cultured species that escaped from the damaged cages/pens during typhoons that was caught by the municipal fishermen.

Species caught in the marine municipal are composed of 15% indian sardines (tamban), 11% roundscad (galunggong), 7% frigate tune (tulingan), 5% fimbriated sardines (tunsoy) and 5% indian mackerel (alumahan). These species comprises 43% or 17,452.7 MT of the total marine municipal catch (40,426.66 MT).

In the inland municipal or freshwater environment, 43% of its production is composed of tilapia species followed by 20% big head carp, 7% catfish (kanduli), 7% silver perch (ayungin) and 7% common carp. The increasing demand for “suso” or snails from duck raisers in Laguna and Rizal provinces motivated gatherers to devote more time on this activity.

In terms of contribution by sub-sector, aquaculture gave the highest percentage share at 50% or a total of 202,478.49 MT. This is followed by the municipal sector at 30% with 123,948.55 MT and the commercial sector at 20% with 82,201.8 MT (Fig. 2).
Figure 2. Regional Production by Sector (M.T.) for 2008.

Percentage contribution of provinces showed that 37% or 149,752.66 MT of the regional production was contributed by Quezon province followed by Batangas with 24% or 97,483.22 MT, Rizal with 22% or 91,432.55 MT, Laguna with 13% or 54,794.43 MT and Cavite with 4% or 15,165.98 MT (Fig. 3).

Figure 3. Region IV-A Fisheries Production by Province (MT) for 2008.

For the commercial fisheries sub-sector, Quezon Province accounts for 88% of the total production at 82,201.8 MT while, Batangas and Cavite contributed 7% (5,705.2 MT) and 5% (3,708.67 MT), respectively (Fig. 4).

Figure 4. Region IV-A Commercial Fisheries Production by Province (MT) for 2008.

In terms of municipal fisheries sub-sector, Laguna province topped the production with an estimated production of 42,874.56 MT or 35% of the total municipal fisheries production of CALABARZON (123,948.6 MT), followed by Rizal with 37,809.36 MT, Batangas with 20,368.56, Quezon with 20,097.74 MT and Cavite with 2,798.33 MT (Fig. 5).

Figure 5. Region IV-A Municipal Fisheries Production by Province (MT) for 2008.

For aquaculture fisheries production, Batangas had the highest percentage share of 35% (71,409.46 MT) followed by Quezon at 28% (56,866.99 MT), Rizal at 27% (53,623.19 MT), Laguna at 6% (11,919.87 MT) and Cavite at 4% (8,658.98 MT), Fig. 6.

Figure 6. Region IV-A Aquaculture Fisheries Production by Province (M.T.) for 2008.

In terms of fish supply, CALABARZON Region has sufficiency level of 93%. Provinces in the region that are highly sufficient are Quezon and Batangas with 189% and 149%, respectively. While the National Capital Region (NCR) fish supply is sufficient at 25% level. (Fig. 7)

Figure 7. Region IV-A Fish Sufficiency Level for 2008.

Laguna Lake Production

Laguna Lake is the largest lake in the Philippines and the third largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. It spans some 90,000 hectares and situated at the heart of CALABARZON region. It is bounded by the province of Laguna in the south; Quezon in the east, Batangas, Cavite and Metro Manila in the west; and the province of Rizal in the north.

The lake contributed 36% to the total regional production wherein forty-percent (40%) or 59,004 MT are brought to NCR. For 2008, it’s production increased by 2% from 144,323 MT in 2007 to 147,511 MT in 2008 (Fig. 8).

Figure 8. Percentage share of Laguna Lake to the total production of CALABARZON for 2008.

In terms of production by sub-sector, aquaculture contributed a percentage share of 45% or 66,827 MT to the total production of the Lake. Fishfarmers around Laguna de Bay adopt the fishcage/fishpen systems for tilapia and bangus culture. The municipal sub-sector contributes 55% or 80, 684 MT (Fig. 9) to the Lake’s production. The dominant species caught in the open waters include big head carp, common carp, tilapia and ayungin.

Figure 9. Trend of fisheries production in Laguna Lake (2004-2008)

Taal Lake Production

Taal Lake is the 3rd largest lake in the country. It is located in Batangas Province and is surrounded by nine (9) towns and two (2) cities translating into 287 barangays. The Lake has a total surface area of 24,356 hectares with a maximum depth of 198 meters or an average of 60 meters. Pansipit River is the only drainage of the lake which empties into Balayan Bay. The lake is used for aquaculture, recreation, tourism, navigation, potable water source for Tagaytay, as well as a source of feeds for ducks.

Production from the lake, both from aquaculture (fishcage culture) and municipal fisheries contributed 18% or 73,150 MT to the regional fish supply (Fig. 10). In 2008, the Lake’s production gained 3% (73,156 MT) compared to the production in 2007 (71,012 MT).

Figure 10. Percentage share of Taal Lake to the total production of CALABARZON for 2008.

In terms of production by sub-sector, aquaculture contributed 96% or 70,298 MT to the total production of the Lake (Fig. 11). Species cultured in the Lake are bangus and tilapia with eighty-percent (80%) or 58,520 MT brought to NCR. For inland municipal sub-sector, major types of fishing gear which include gillnet spear gun, fish corral, beach seine, hook and line, motorized push net, ring net and lift net mainly catch Tawilis, Bangus, Tilapia and Maliputo.

Figure 11. Trend of fisheries production in Taal Lake (2004-2008).

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Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
Regional Office No. 4A
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